Sweden’s reasons for hard-to-abandon ‘ community immunity ‘


Although the new results announced are “betraying” the community-immune strategy, Sweden does not seem to want to change the chosen path.

From December 13 to 20/5, Sweden recorded the average daily death rate per million population as 6.08, becoming the world’s highest per capita mortality rate, as reported by Our World in Data announced on 20/5 on the Telegraph. Following Sweden was England, Belgium and the United States with death rates of 5.57, 4.28 and 4.11 respectively.

The Swedish Health Authority 20/5 announced the study found that the nCoV antibodies appeared in 7.3% of samples were randomly selected from the people in the capital city of Stockholm, with the region being the most heavily influenced by Covid-19 in the country, at the last week of April 4. This rate is a lot lower than that of the Swedish officials in terms of the country’s level of community immunity.

Two days earlier, figures published by the Swedish Statistical Authority show that the country noted 10,458 deaths for various reasons in the 4th month, the highest since May 12/1993, the time when there were unusual outbreaks that caused 11,057 deaths.

Sweden has recorded nearly 33,000 people and nearly 4,000 people die from nCoV. The number is much lower than Italy or Britain, but higher than Portugal and Greece, two countries with Swedish equivalent populations. The metric is also much higher than that of neighboring Nordic countries with the number of infested and deaths in turn more than 11,200 and 561 in Denmark, over 8,300 and 235 in Norway, over 6,500 and 306 in Finland.

A restaurant in the capital city of Stockholm remained crowded today 8/5. Photo: Afp.

Many international observers and critics in Sweden said that disappointing results were due to Sweden insistence on pursuing the Community immunity strategy.

Unlike the rest of Europe or the “anti-epidemic” patterns of the world such as Korea, Sweden chooses its own path when it does not blockade or perform extensive testing campaigns. This country’s policy is to try to slow the rate of infection by encouraging people to implement community-style measures voluntarily, but not to impose blockades or require stores and businesses to close.

Although some restrictions apply such as prohibiting group gathering exceeding 50 people or working remotely, the Swedish people’s lives are not much changed in comparison to the previous. Everyone is still comfortable out and communicating with each other, while elementary school, hair salon and shopping malls remain open.

While a high mortality rate, about 70% of Swedish people still support the government’s anti-Covid-19 policy, according to Tae Hoon Kim, the Korean economic and geopolitical analyst living in Stockholm. “There is practically no debate or opposition to this strategy,” Kim said.

According to Kim, many Swedish people have said that the deaths of high nCoV were not due to anti-epidemic strategies, but due to economic and social deficiencies.

The question is why the Swedish people are not skeptical about government anti-epidemic strategies. Needle analyst said One of the answers to the high level of trust of the people for the government. “The level of government transparency and effective thinking have made people put their faith in their officials and experts,” Kim said.

But the specialist thinks that the answer is true but not enough, as many other countries such as Norway, Denmark or Finland are also renowned for their high levels of trust.

According to the Korean analyst, the second reason may be People who die from the nCoV in Sweden mainly focus on the poorest group of immigrants, such as the Somali community, which has no many voices in society.

Sweden has a very different perception of the current crisis may be the third reason, according to Needles. Rather than see Covid-19 as national emergency or war with “invisible enemies”, Swedish people seem to tend to see only this as a serious public health problem.

“Covid-19 is considered a matter of need to carefully adhere to the rules that medical professionals put out, rather than survival issues needing to call for the suspension of people’s freedom for the sake of the national. Whenever an analyst as I criticize Sweden’s strategy, the received response will be that you have to be a science expert, “Kim shares.

In addition, the needle for or the creation of Swedish differences is related to historical factors. The country has never experienced aor national emergency over the last 100 years. Since the collective strike in Jan. 9/1909, Sweden has never seen any serious social conflict. Sweden also did not participate in any armed disputes since the years 1810.

“A call to unite to cope with the national adversity has long not appeared in the collective culture in Sweden,” Kim shared.

According to Kim, The lack of experience dealing with the national crisis can explain why Sweden was peacefully with Covid-19, instead of the feeling of danger as many other places. That is also the reason why the Swedish public health agency is not afraid of the idea of community immunity.

“While other countries see community immunity as a risky experiment, the Swedish medical officer treats it as a prescription drug. It may not be as effective as 100% and can be fatal as any medical case. But in the long term, it can help minimize the negative impact of nCoV without causing social disruption, “Kim said.

Photo by epidemiology Anders Tegnell, author of the Community immunity strategy, is hanging on the doors of a restaurant in the capital Stockholm. Picture: AFP.

Photo by Anders Tegnell, Swedish leading epidemiology, hangs on the door of a restaurant in the capital city of Stockholm. Photo: Afp.

This Korean analyst thinks that this is a reason that the Swedish Government and the medical authorities deny the pursuit of community immunity in the half-way, when rejected only with foreign newspapers.

“A foreigner living in Sweden as I absolutely do not find peace of mind with this strategy. Stockholm will continue to pursue that strategy for how long it is difficult to guess, but as long as they have seen the Covid-19 in the present way, the waiver of this policy appears to be impossible, “Kim said.

Thanh Center (According to Guardian)


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